TOK (Theory of Knowledge)


TOK is a required interdisciplinary course intended to stimulate critical reflection upon knowledge and experience gained inside and outside the classroom. TOK challenges students to be aware of the subjective and ideological biases and to develop a personal mode of thought based on an analysis of evidence expressed in rationale argument.

During IB2 year of the TOK course, students produce a presentation and write a 1,200 to 1,600 word essay on a prescribed topic that is marked by the IBO.

The aims of the TOK course are
to develop a fascination with the richness of knowledge as a human endeavour and an understanding of the empowerment that follows from reflecting upon it;
to develop an awareness of how knowledge is constructed, critically examined, evaluated and renewed by communities and individuals;
to encourage students to reflect on their experiences as learners in everyday life and in the Diploma Programme;
to make connections between academic disciplines and between thoughts, feelings and actions;
to encourage an interest in the diversity of ways of thinking and ways of living of individuals and communities, and an awareness of personal and ideological assumptions, including participants’ own;
to encourage consideration of the responsibilities originating from the relationship between knowledge, the community and the individual as citizen of the world.

By the end of the course, students should be able to
analyse critically knowledge claims, their underlying assumptions and their implications;
generate questions, explanations, conjectures, hypotheses, alternative ideas and possible solutions in response to knowledge issues concerning areas of knowledge, ways of knowing and students’ own experience as learners;
demonstrate an understanding of different perspectives on knowledge issues;
draw links and make effective comparisons between different approaches to knowledge issues that derive from areas of knowledge, ways of knowing, theoretical positions and cultural values;
demonstrate an ability to give a personal, self-aware response to a knowledge issue;
formulate and communicate ideas clearly with due regard for accuracy and academic honesty.

* Please note that much of the information explained above pertaining to TOK is taken from the online curriculum centre found at